ASTM Textile Standards

ASTM’s textile standards provide the specifications and test methods for the physical, mechanical, and chemical properties of textiles, fabrics, and cloths, as well as the natural and artificial fibers that constitute them.

The textiles covered by these standards are commonly formed by weaving, knitting, or spinning together fibers such as glass fiber strands, wool and other animal fibers, cotton and other plant-derived fibers, yarn, sewing threads, and mohair, to name a few. Included in the general category of textiles are the components, or subassemblies, used in their creation, such as thread, buttons, snaps, zippers, battings and linings.

ASTM Textile Standards cover a broad range of materials, products, standards and test methods that are used by and affect everyone from fiber processors to manufacturers, buyers, wholesalers, retailers, consumers and even enforcement agencies ensuring that imported textile products meet the stipulations of international textile agreements.


ASTM Textile Standards Sections

  • The promotion of knowledge of textiles;
  • Textile fibers, both natural and manufactured;
  • Yarn intermediates such as laps, slivers, or rovings;
  • Spun and filament yarns, including single, plied and cabled yarns and monofilaments;
  • Yarns of various polymers made into slit, split, or fibrillated sheets;
  • Fabrics made directly from textile fibers or from yarns (of natural or manufactured fibers or any combination thereof) using felting, weaving, knitting, and needle-punching, nonwoven, or other methods of production;
  • Textiles used in the manufacture of fabrics, components, or subassemblies for consumer or industrial applications;
  • Components or subassemblies used in the manufacture of textile products, such as sewing thread, tapes, zippers, snaps, buttons, hook and loop closures, battings, and interlinings;
  • Consumer and industrial textile end products, such as apparel, home furnishings, pile floor coverings, rope and cordage, tire cords, and inflatable restraints;
  • Systems for reporting consumer information, such as UV protection by textiles (when such a claim is made for the textile), product and care labeling, and body measurements for apparel sizing;
  • Dip pick-up of cords and adhesion of cords used with rubber or other elastomeric material
  • Standards with fiber and textile assemblies intended for other uses such as: Thermal Insulation;
  • Electrical and Electronic Insulating Materials; Rubber; Plastics; Composite Materials; Fire Standards; Medical Devices; Consumer Products; Electrical Protective Equipment for Workers; Protective Clothing.

Popular ASTM Textile Standards

Below are a few of the most requested ASTM Textile standards.

  • ASTM D2256 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Yarns by the Single-Strand Method
  • D5034 Standard Test Method for Breaking Strength and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Grab Test) Bullet
  • ASTM D5489 Standard Guide for Care Symbols for Care Instructions on Textile Products
  • ASTM D5585 Standard Tables of Body Measurements for Adult Female Misses Figure Type, Size Range 00–20
  • ASTM D6193 Standard Practice for Stitches and Seams
  • ASTM D6413 Standard Test Method for Flame Resistance of Textiles (Vertical Test)